Basic Milestones

pic-kidssmilingThis is not to be used in place of standardized measures. If there are any areas that you find your child has challenges, you may communicate this to your pediatrician to help assist with the identification of possible delays or disorders.

By 3-4 months

  • Watches faces with interest and follows moving objects
  • Recognizes familiar objects and people; smiles at the sound of your voice
  • Begins to develop a social smile-
  • Turns head toward sounds
  • Emergence of coos
  • Vocalizations are reflexive and typically indicate hunger or discomfort

By 7 Months

  • Responds to other people’s emotions
  • Enjoys face-to-face play; can find partially hidden objects
  • Explores with hands and mouth; struggles for out of reach objects
  • Responds to own name
  • Emergence of babbling starting with reduplication of a sound and vowel, such as babababa

By 12 Months/1 Year

  • Enjoys imitating people; tries to imitate sounds
  • Enjoys simple social games, such as chase
  • Explores and seeks out objects
  • Responds to “no;” uses simple gestures, uses single words typically carrying the reduplicated pattern like “mama’”

By 24 Months/2 Years

  • Imitates behavior of others; is excited about company of other children
  • Understands several words
  • Finds deeply hidden objects; points to named pictures and objects
  • Begins to sort by shapes and colors; begins simple pretend play
  • Recognizes names of familiar people and objects
  • Follows simple instructions
  • Identifies body parts
  • Combines two words to communicate, such as “mommy go”

By 36 Months/3 Years

  • Expresses affection openly and has a wide range of emotions
  • Pretend play becomes more robust
  • Sorts objects by shape and color, matches objects to pictures
  • Comprehends a 2 to 3 step command.
  • Uses and plurals, as well as combining 3 words to communicate ideas

By 48 Months/4 Years

  • Cooperates with other children; is increasingly inventive in fantasy play
  • Names some colors; understands concepts of counting and time
  • Speaks in sentences of five to six words
  • Understood by adults
  • Tells sequential stories using some conjunctions
  • Follows three-part commands; understands “same” and “different”

By 60 Months/5 Years

  • Wants to be like his/her friends; likes to sing, dance, and act
  • Is able to distinguish fantasy from reality
  • Shows increased independence
  • Speaks in sentences of more than five words; tells longer stories